By 1936, the City Engineer’s Office for the City of Westminster, London, England, had been directed by the Home Secretary to identify potential shelters in case of war for all the resident population, as well as for employees in Westminster, shoppers and retail outlets. By 1938, the staff members of the City Engineer’s Office were going from house to house, and business to business on every street and back alley of the city, assessing the area, strength of basements, suitability for shelter, and potential capacity, of each of the underground spaces visited.
The Home Front
In addition to the case studies discussed within this theme, there are others which are closely related to it. A case study entitled Socks for the Boys: Marion Simpson and the Knitters of the First World War can be found in the theme The Hamilton Connection as well as another entitled Support and Substitution”: Women’s Roles during World War I in the theme Women and War. In addition, the themes The Soldier’s Life and The Soldier Artist and Poet contain insights into the Home Front as illuminated by the interplay between families at home and their family members in military service.
Several posters included in the theme Representing War: propaganda, posters, pamphlets, publicity, music, artwork and memorials concern the home front. The Canadian Government's Nutrition Services issued a series of leaflets: their guide to a healthy breakfast appears here.
Although the surprise attack by the Japanese on the American naval base at Pearl Harbor on 7 December 1941 had a direct impact in terms of lives lost and in convincing the United States to declare war, there were far-reaching consequences for people of Japanese ethnic descent living in North America. Japanophobia reached a crescendo shortly thereafter with the expulsion of Canadians and Americans of Japanese heritage from their homes and their relocation in internment camps.
Adrian Grant Duff (1869-1914) was born into a noble family in Britain. Educated at Wellington College and Sandhurst, Grant Duff trained to be a professional soldier and his values and ethics reflected those of the armed service. He joined the Scottish Black Watch in 1893 achieving notable success which culminated in a command position.