To abstain from fighting, & from all voluntary participation in war between civilized states; to use every effort to persuade others to do likewise; to bring all possible influence to bear to prevent the participation of his country in war; &, within the limits of his capacity, to aim at similar results in other countries also.
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The argument by which this conclusion has been reached has appealed only to common sense & common humanity, not to any abstract ethical principle; nor do I trouble to examine whether so drastic a policy is desirable at all times. I am concerned with the present time & the present prospect of disaster. To secure permanent peace will require great changes, economic and well as political, & the time for that will come if the present peril can be averted. But at this dangerous moment only an immediate policy can hope to succeed.
Russell, Bertrand, Manuscript, 1936